Kurdish woman of the YPJ (women’s protection unit) in Kobane, Rojava September 12, 2014.
Since 2012, Kurds have launched a revolution, setting up autonomous communes, in Rojava (northern Syria) while fighting against Assad and ISIS/DAESH. 35 percent of the fighters are women.
Currently a battle is being waged in the city of Kobane with ISIS on one side and with Turkey disallowing Kurds from crossing the border to assist their people in Kobane as well as keeping refugees from escaping the genocide that ISIS is waging.
Second photo, Marina Ginestà, aged 17, overlooking Barcelona from Hotel Colón. July 12, 1936
She worked as a translator for a Soviet journalist of Pravda during the Spanish Civil War. She was a member of Juventudes Socialistas Unificadas (Socialist Youth), the youth organization mainly directed by Partido Comunista de España (PCE, Communist Party of Spain).
Despite her initial involvement she quickly grew disillusioned with the path that the Stalinists were taking. Marina remained a militant throughout the rest of the war and was drawn to other groups at that time such as the anti-Stalinist P.O.U.M (which the famous writer George Orwell was a member of) and the Anarchist C.N.T.
The Spanish Civil War/Revolution began when “Generalissimo Francisco Franco launched a military coup against the Second Spanish Republic (declared 1931). After the immediate resistance (by socialists, Marxists, anarchists, and republicans), the anarchists (CNT-FAI militias) controlled Catalonia until the PCE eventually influenced the Republican government into attacking the anarchists and P.O.U.M. (“Party of Marxist Unification” – anti-Stalinist Marxists) during the Barcelona May Days (1937) and suppressing the anarchist Spanish Revolution begun when the anarchy-syndicalist labor union (the CNT, 1.5 to 2 million workers strong) seized arms from the state to fight off Franco. Barcelona fell to Franco on the 26th of January, 1939.”
The similarities to the events in Spain in 1936 and the unfolding events in Rojava and Syria are uncanny.
About Marina Ginesta
About the Revolution in Rojava
Communalism in Rojava
Women in Rojava